RELIGION

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A. The Seven Joys of Religion

Seven JoysThis chapter concentrates on the seven joys used in this website are associated with all main stream religions.  These  Joys are powerful psychological forces, which have been proven with scientific observations to improve health, thinking, and contentment. 

The seven Joys are Hope, Prayer, Family, Forgiveness, Gratitude, Compassion and Solemn Ceremonies.   Although Solemn Ceremonies appear to be a different type from the others, it isn’t.  It is the implementation of those Joys as well as improving community values, ethics, personal promotions, friendships, love, support, socialization, and more.   

B. Ancient Religions

There was some evidence of human burials about 100,000 BC that may support religious beliefs.  The Neanderthal burials took place about 70,000 BC.  There were Turkish ruins known as Gobekli Tepe that can be interpreted as a worship site about 9,000 BC.  Unfortunately, there is very little documentation of organized religions before 4,000 BC. 

 The Sumerian tablets in 3,500 BC show written evidence of religion.  There are Egyptian artifacts that exist suggesting the belief in one or more deities. The oldest Egyptian Pyramid by Pharaoh Djoser was dated at 2,635 BC.  Stonehenge took its final form in 2,600 BC.  The Minoan Civilization developed in Crete around 2,200 BC and worshiped various Gods.  The Upanishads texts were prepared around 1,250 BC that formed the concepts for Hinduism, Buddhism and ZJainism. 

The Minoan Civilization developed in Crete around 2,200 BC and worshiped various Gods.  The Upanishads texts were prepared around 1,250 BC that formed the concepts for Hinduism, Buddhism and ZJainism. 

OlmecThe Olmecs constructed temples in Central America around 1,200 BC.  Confucius was born in 551 BC.  The Tao Te Ching was written about 300 BC. 

Jesus of Nazareth was born at year 0.  Muhammad was born 570 AD and the Quran was written in 650 AD.  Kojiki the oldest Shinto text was drafted around 712 AD. 

Martin Luther launched the protestant reformation in 1517 AD

C. Current World Wide Religions

According to Pew Research Center, the Major Religions in the World are roughly divided as follows:

  • Christians 31.5%,
  • Muslims 23.2%,
  • Hindus 15%,
  • Buddhists 7.1%,
  • Folk Religions,
  • Jews .2 %, and
  • Atheists/antagonists 16.3 %. 

There are many offshoots of each major religion group. 

In the United States, Christians account for 266 million people.  Of that Catholics constitute about 20.8 %, the Protestants are about 46.6%, Mormons about 1.6%.  The Jewish faith is about 1.9%, Muslim 0.9 %, Buddhists 7%, and Hindu 0.7%.  Unaffiliated or non-religious people account for 22.8%. 

D. Top Four Religions

1.  Christianity. This religion believes that a single God created the heavens and the earth. Christians believe in the Old Testament (Bible) and the history of God and the prior prophets, such as Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, and many others. 

This was a single God made up of the Father and the Holy Spirit.  Some believe that The Holy Spirit was how God communicated with individuals. 

The New Testament was written to include Jesus Christ as the son of God.  The definition of God became a triad of the Father (God), the Son (Jesus Christ) and the Holy Ghost or Spirit. 

2. Islam a.k.a. Muslims. This religion is a monotheistic religion or single God known as Allah. This religion became a major world religion based on the prophet Muhammad.  Most Muslims believe in several prophets including Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.  Muslims believe that Muhammad was the last and final prophet.  He was born in Mecca in 570 AD. 

When Muhammad died there was a division in Islam into two major sects.  The Sunnis and Shiites.  The Sunnis make up about 90% of the Islam. 

Muslims must follow 5 pillars of faith, i.e. Shahad is a declaration of one’s faith in God and in Muhammad; Salat is to pray five times a day, Zakat requires members to give to those in need; Sawm is to fast during Ramadan; and Hajj is to make a pilgrimage to Mecca during a person’s lifetime if they are able. 

3. Hinduism. This religion is based on a single God who created the universe, and multiple other gods and goddesses. It embraces many religious ideas.  Most believe in a soul (Atman), reincarnation (Samsāra), that actions influence their future (Karma), and a code of living of good conduct and morality (Dharma). 

The Dharma is divided into four age-based stages known as Ashrama.  The student phase (the learning stage under a mentor), the household stage (marriage, children, production of food and material things), the retirement stage (handing over responsibilities and wealth to next generation), and the renunciation stage (purging of material desires and prejudices).

The Hindus believe that the family is the building block for the religion and usually has three or four generations living together.  Each generation owes duties of shelter and support to their parents. 

4. Buddhism. This religion is non-theistic, i.e. there is no creator God. The goal or end point for Buddhists is to find enlightenment or inner peace and wisdom.  When followers reach this enlightenment they have reached nirvana.  The path to enlightenment is morality, mediation, and wisdom. 

They believe in the four noble truths, which are suffering, craving, cessation, and an eight-fold path leading to cessation of suffering. 

The Buddhists believe that there is a new existence after death in an endless cycle of reincarnation (Samsāra).  But, reincarnation does not necessarily take the form of a human being.  

Similarities:

The Christians and the Muslims believe in much of the same history.  The Muslims stem from the prophet Muhammad, the Jews from the prophet Moses, and the Christians from the prophet Jesus.   These religions believe in an afterlife where their soul transcends to a heaven. 

The Hindus and Buddhists are also similarly connected.  Both believe that the individual can achieve its own path to their personal God (Hindu) or enlightenment (Buddhist).  Both believe in a type of afterlife involving reincarnation.

E. Science and the Afterlife

This is a very controversial topic and is impossible to address without biases and strong opinions on all sides.

However with that said, there is substantial evidence that would support an afterlife.  It includes writings, studies, and observations.  It is also consistent with scientific methods and natural physical laws. 

The Law of Conservation of Information is contrary to “nothingness” upon death and supportive of an Afterlife. 

The link below discusses numerous scientific principles and theories that support a scientific foundation for the existence of a soul and an afterlife.   These scientific laws and principals are discussed only to point out a few possible scientific explanations.  It should not be interpreted as inconsistent with any of the beliefs or writings of the Holy documents.   

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