NEVADA

State Information

Nickname(s):                                  The Silver State

Motto(s):                                           All for Our Country

State song(s):                                  Home Means Nevada

 Capital                                              Carson City

Largest city                                      Las Vegas

Admitted to US                              10/31/1864                 36th State

Brief History

Here are a few interesting facts about Nevada:

  • Nevada was mostly unpopulated desert until the discovery of silver in 1859.

  • The documents admitting Nevada into the Union were sent by telegraph, rather than by pony express, at a cost of $3,416. This was the most costly telegraph charge for a single item. 

  • Nevada and West Virginia were the only states admitted to the Union during the Civil War. 

  • Nevada is the driest state with an average rainfall of 7 inches.  

  • Eighty-five percent of Nevada is owned by the federal government. 

  • Nevada produces more gold than silver and has the largest deposits of lithium.  It is planning to also process vanadium, a critical mineral for the US Defense.  

  • Las Vegas has more hotel rooms than any other place on earth. 

  • The hard hat was first used for workers on the Hoover Dam.

  • Nevada has the largest number (31,979) of wild horses according to the Bureau of Land Management.  Most horses were introduced to the United States by the Spanish.

Interesting Stories

Mining is an essential part of Nevada’s economy, safety, and defense.  It is a booming industry.  Nevada is the top producer of minerals in the United States, with a value of 7.6 billion/yr. compared to 10.26 billion/yr. for the rest of the US.  Nevada is the Nation’s largest producer of gold, silver and lithium. It also produces molybdenum, barium, magnesium, and copper, and was once a large producer of Tungsten. 

Sheldon Gary Adelson was born in Massachusetts to a hard-working, low-income family.  His taste for business came early when he borrowed $200 at the age of 12 to buy a business license to sell newspapers.  At 16 he borrowed $10,000 to start a candy-vending company.  He started a business selling toiletry kits, a de-icing business, and a charter tour business.  By the time he was in this 30’s, he was a millionaire.  He lost his fortune twice, but each time he bounced back.  He created as many as 50 businesses – some successful and some not.  In 1988 he purchased the Sands Hotel and Casino.  While in Venice he was inspired to create a mega-resort known as the Venetian.  He is now the largest gaming owner in the United States, with a net worth more than $38 billion.  Sheldon is the epitome of the American dream, converting pennies to dimes to dollars to billions.

Wayne Newton was born in Virginia, but most of his life has been spent in Las Vegas.  At age 6, he and his older brother sang at local clubs and fairs.  Wayne had asthma, causing the family to move to Arizona.  He and his brother, both teenagers, headed out on the road.  Wayne was a masterful, self-taught musician. He could play the piano, guitar, banjo, drums, violin, and trumpet.  A Las Vegas booking agent saw him and his brother and booked them for a two week show.  That turned into five years. But as a minor, Wayne couldn’t be in the casino.  He spent most of his time on the street watching people and practicing his music.  Wayne was taken under many performers’ wings: Bobby Darin, Danny Thomas, George Burns, Jack Benny, Frank Sinatra, and many others.  His musical style flourished under the tutelage of such legends. Wayne Newton became such an integral part of the city that he earned the moniker “Mr. Las Vegas.”

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